The National Convention opened on September 21,and declared France a republic. Enraged citizens overthrew the Girondin-led National Convention, and the Jacobins, led by Maximilien Robespierre, took control.
The peasantsmany of whom owned land, had attained an The french revolution essay conclusion standard of living and education and wanted to get rid of the last vestiges of feudalism so as to acquire the full rights of landowners and to be free to increase their holdings.
Years of feudal oppression and fiscal mismanagement contributed to a French society that was ripe for revolt. The States-General opened on May 5,at Versailles.
In Junethe Convention arrested the leading Girondists. Calonne suggested that, among other things, France begin taxing the previously exempt nobility. Unwillingly, the king called the meeting. Monarchs tried to stop this reaction of the aristocracyand both rulers and the privileged classes sought allies among the nonprivileged bourgeois and the peasants.
Many members of the middle class were also worried by their social status. It had many causes and many effects on France.
Both owe their origin to the French Revolution, which had carried on the work of the English Revolution while enlarging and invigorating it with all the progress that had been made since the English middle classes beheaded their King and transferred his power to the Parliament.
Robespierre succeeded in having Danton and other former leaders executed. We have seen how all through the Great Revolution the communist idea kept coming to the front, and how after the fall of the Girondins numerous attempts and sometimes great attempts were made in this direction.
The revolution gradually grew more radical-that is more open to extreme and violent change. Finally, the king realized that this taxation problem really did need to be addressed, so he appointed a new controller general of finance, Charles de Calonne, in When Louis XVI was caught in a foiled escape plot, the assembly became especially divided.
The Mountain dominated a powerful political club called the Jacobin Club. The people captured the Bastille and began to tear it down. The first two estates wanted each estate to take up matters and vote on them separately by estate.
As "socialism" we know now that this term came into vogue avoid the term "communism," which at one time was dangerous because the secret communist societies became societies for action, and were rigorously suppressed by the bourgeoisie then in power.
Finally, during the revolution and after months of debate about her fate, she was executed publicly in a guillotine on October 16 However, there were many other causes as well and you can learn about them other places. Then, a new revolution will be brought about in some other nation, and this nation in its turn will set the problems for the following century.
And once the Revolution has begun, it must necessarily develop to its last conclusions that is to say, to the highest point it is capable of attaining were it only temporarily, being given a certain condition of the public mind at this particular moment. Shortly thereafter, the assembly released the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which established a proper judicial code and the autonomy of the French people.
This is a law of human progress, and also a law of individual progress. The States-General was made up of representatives of the three estates, and had last met in In the history of all nations a time comes when fundamental changes are bound to take place in the whole of the national life.
Those who have seen in the Revolution only a change in the Government, those who are ignorant of its economic as well as its educational work, those alone could put such a question.
Financial ruin thus seemed imminent. In Octobera number of political leaders plotted to overthrow the Directory. French leaders interpreted the declaration as hostile, so the Girondin-led assembly declared war on Austria and Prussia.
This war cost the French a great deal of money and also was a large contributor to the countries debt.Conclusion The American Revolution freed colonists from British rule and offered the first blow in what historians have called “the age of democratic revolutions.” The American Revolution was a global event.
Revolutions followed in France, then Haiti, and then South America. The American Revolution meanwhile wrought significant changes to. No one factor was directly responsible for the French Revolution.
Years of feudal oppression and fiscal mismanagement contributed to a French society that was ripe for revolt. Noting a downward economic spiral in the late s, King Louis XVI brought in a number of financial advisors to review the.
Free french revolution papers, essays, and research papers. French Revolution: French Revolution, the revolutionary movement that shook France between and and marked the end of the ancien regime in that country. Essay on the French Revolution. The French Revolution was a period of significant social and political changes in French history which had major impact on the political, social and cultural developments not only in France and Western Europe.
Many historians studied the French Revolution and while they often disagreed over the relative /5(5). CONCLUSION. WHEN one sees that terrible and powerful Convention wrecking itself inIf the Great French Revolution was the summing up of a century's evolution, it also marked out in its turn the programme of evolution to be accomplished in the course of the nineteenth century.Download