For example, there are more losses in Africa and South Asia representing arid and sub-humid areas [ 50 ] and specifically in poor countries with less ability to adapt to climate change [ 1 ].
Educated farmers may be capable of successful perceptions and adoption to minimize or avoid risk due to their understanding and knowledge. Renewable energy sources that include biomass, hydroelectric, wind, solar and hydrothermal systems, are carbon-neutral, releasing relatively no emissions. Climate change is the main driver of food security in the developing world, because it affects the productivity of the agriculture sector, its stability, and other components of the food system, including storage, access, and utilization [ 10 ].
Also, most of these countries are very windy and have wintry weather that makes life unbearable without some form of heating electric, gas or coal fire heating etc. Short duration crop varieties, cultivating, and modification in crop sowing time may reduce the negative impact of the aforementioned climatic threats [ 52 ].
However, some have reported a contrary relationship [ 46 ]. Also, by clearing forests to support agriculture, we are transferring carbon from living biomass into the atmosphere dry wood is about 50 percent carbon. In addition, climate change can pose threats to agriculture and food security by changing the spatial and temporal distribution of rainfall, water availability, land, capital, biodiversity, and terrestrial resources.
The same findings for education and risk attitudes of farmers were also reported in [ 45 ]. All studies revealed that farmers were the most affected in terms of damages to crops, water contamination, irrigation systems, livestock, and other agricultural operations. This will greatly affect the community in terms of rescue operations, loss of human life, damage to assets, and disruption of business [ 40 ].
Must the countries with the biggest CO2 emissions over the last century be required to lead action on climate change? The geographical characteristics of the country are divergent; the country has high mountains mountainous systems in the north, center, north-west, and south-westplateaus in the center, and plains, deserts, and a lengthy coastline in the south west.
According to a report on production, financial, marketing, legal, environmental, and human resources are significant sources of risk factors in agriculture [ 34 ]. The increasing severity and frequency of extreme weather have extensively flawed agriculture [ 31 ].
The result is that humans are adding ever-increasing amounts of CO2 into the atmosphere. December 14, Global warming: Studies reveal that increasing temperature and the changing pattern of rainfall have a substantial impact on food production [ 81516 ]. Therefore, it is sufficient to state here that the CC issue is an energy issue.
Experienced farmers are less likely to confront the natural disasters because of their indigenous knowledge about prevailing environment and weather conditions.
These findings for the link of education with risk aversion are correlated with the following findings [ 44 ]. Remarkable changes in the climate system may severely affect the agricultural yield over the next hundred years. Pakistan is vulnerable to climate change, and extreme climatic conditions are threatening food security.
Per capital emissions of carbon in the US are over 20 times higher than India, 12 times higher than Brazil and 7 times higher than China. However, the cost associated with the damage to the atmosphere is shared by all nations on the earth.
The main ethical questions that must be reviewed include but not limited to the following: The increase in climate change is recognized as a global anomaly with potentially long-lasting implications, corresponding with more frequent extreme weather episodes [ 26 ].
Whichever of these you want me to discuss will depend on which side of the coin faces you. Extreme weather events at high frequency in the region in recent years e. In light of the above deliberations, this study aims to examine the nexus between climate change maximum temperature, minimum temperature, rainfall, humidity, and sunshine and the yield of major crops including wheat, rice, maize, and sugarcane.
So, assuming that something needs to be done urgently to reduce CC via GH gas emissions, who has a special responsibility to do something? This is a herculean task indeed! No doubt, this is a very complex project that mankind has chosen to pursue.
Agriculture and food security can be affected by change in climate for many reasons, such as the rainfall distribution and the availability of capital, water, biodiversity, land, and global resources. This shows a decline of nearly million over the last 20 years [ 11 ]. The greater awareness of the need to mitigate climate variability has brought about intense focus on the adverse impacts of fossil-fuel based energy on the environment.
It is expected that the majority of the impact of climate change will affect the agriculture sector the most due to its vulnerability [ 30 ]. For instance, aroundlivestock were killed; about 5 million livestock survived, but they were also obliquely affected through disease and dislocation.
However, the historical data shows that there is less precipitation in this region as compared to adjacent areas. Even though the theory is not completely accepted yet, the argument for or against scientific conclusions regarding anthropogenic CC is not the subject of this write-up.
This high risk-perception of farmers resulted in a high-risk-averse attitude in farmers. Another gigantic flood came in in the provinces of Baluchistan and Sindh that severely affected these provinces and also the people living in them in the sense of loss of lives, particularly concerning to agricultural activities and issues.
Most of the losses are suffered in lower-income countries, such as those in arid and sub-humid South Asia and Africa. Much of the growth in emissions in developing nations results from the provision of basic human needs for growing populations, while emissions in industrialised countries contribute to growth in a standard of living that is already far above that of the average person worldwide.73 P erceived Risk of Climate Change An index of perceived risk of climate change was developed based on a) climate change hazards relevant to the community, b) potential harm of each hazard and c) an assessment of the current situation (Slovic et al.
) Perceptions rather than measures of climate change are examined in this study, as. Global warming: The main contributors to Green House Gases. Global warming is just a scientific theory with lots of scientists putting together some pieces of jigsaw that it may cause Climate Change (CC).
Abstract: This study investigated the influence of gender (sex) on the view of people towards the impact climate change on human health in south-west Nigeria. Data were collected by means of semi.
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE September Global warming and environmental change in Africa Yet, climate change, as discussed in the following sections, will most likely be felt as a change in the characteristics of extreme events (frequency, intensity, duration) such as droughts, and in climate variability on a seasonal and interannual basis.
Perceived Effects of Global Climate Change. Here, we make use of a new survey from the World water resources. WIREs Climate Change Perceptions of climate change worldwide. 5. Climate Change Impact on Water Resources at the Transboundary Level in West Africa: The Cases of the Senegal, Niger and Volta Basins.
10 Pages. Climate Change Impact on Water Resources at the Transboundary Level in West Africa: The Cases of the Senegal, Niger and Volta Basins. Uploaded by. Climate Change Impact on Water Resources The Open.Download