Slavery Having described the basic parts of the city, Aristotle returns in Chapter 3 of Book I to a discussion of the household, beginning with the matter of slavery, including the question of whether slavery is just and hence an acceptable institution or not.
The discussion turns to "expertise in household management. References and Further Reading 1. There is only one situation in which the virtue of the good citizen and excellent man are the same, and this is when the citizens are living in a city that is under the ideal regime: If nothing thwarts that purpose, the young horse will indeed become a fast runner.
Here he asks the question of "whether the virtue of the good man and the excellent citizen is to be regarded as the same or as not the same" b The other pair, however, is that of "the naturally ruling and ruled, on account of preservation" a The other is that Aristotle is critical of the Spartans because of their belief that the most important virtue to develop and the one that the city must teach its citizens is the kind of virtue that allows them to make war successfully.
Here the linkage between speech and reason is clear: In regimes where the citizens are similar and equal by nature - which in practice is all of them — all citizens should be allowed to participate in politics, though not all at once.
At the same time, many people reject the emphasis Aristotle places on the importance of political participation. Someone who places primary importance on money and the bodily satisfactions that it can buy is not engaged in developing their virtue and has chosen a life which, however it may seem from the outside or to the person living it, is not a life of true happiness.
For many if not most people in such societies, the pursuit of wealth without limit is seen as not only acceptable but even admirable. His writings on many of these interests remained definitive for almost two millennia.
But in fact it is not the lack of common property that leads to conflict; instead, Aristotle blames human depravity b The Politics, Book IV a. But there is another group that is incapable of citizenship leading to virtue, and Aristotle calls this group "the vulgar".
There is also a Eudemian Ethics which is almost certainly by Aristotle and which shares three of the ten books of the Nicomachean Ethics and a work on ethics titled Magna Moralia which has been attributed to him but which most scholars now believe is not his work.
According to Aristotle, we are meant to become happy. If the history that he has described is correct, Aristotle points out, then the city is natural, and not purely an artificial human construction, since we have established that the first partnerships which make up the family are driven by natural impulses: For adjudication is an arrangement of the political partnership, and adjudication is judgment as to what is just" a It is noteworthy that when Athens is considered following this discussion in Chapter 12Aristotle takes a critical view and seems to suggest that the city has declined since the time of Solon.
Even in Athens, the most democratic city in Greece, no more than 15 percent of the population was ever allowed the benefits of citizenship, including political participation.
And here we see the link between ethics and politics in a different light: Aristotle begins his exploration of these regimes with the question of the degree to which the citizens in a regime should be partners.
Other people can become citizens by following the correct legal procedures for doing so. Also, if this kind of power is left in the hands of men rather than with the laws, there will be a desperate struggle to control these offices and their benefits, and this will be another cause of civil war.Aristotle: Politics.
In his Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle ( B.C.E.) describes the happy life intended for man by nature as one lived in accordance with virtue, and, in his Politics, he describes the role that politics and the political community must play in bringing about the virtuous life in the citizenry.
The Politics also provides analysis of.
Advanced SEO Webinar: How to Generate 1, Visitors a Month Through SEO.Download