The Secretariat is currently working on the identification of other remaining non-tariff barriers and drawing up measures on ways in which these NTBs can be resolved and History of comesa assistance of the private sector and the donor community in identifying NTBs, recommending ways in which they can be reduced or removed and collaboration with COMESA on the process of their removal would be of benefit to the process of economic growth in the region.
The third phase will involve the eventual establishment of an Economic Community. The meeting recommended the creation of a sub-regional economic community, beginning with a sub-regional trade area which would be gradually upgraded over a ten-year period to a common market until the community had been established.
To this end, it undertakes research and studies as a basis for implementing the decisions adopted by the Policy Organs. Several institutions have been created to promote sub-regional co-operation and development.
Debt service ratios, which in were insignificant, averaged 45 per cent of export earnings inmaking the region one of the most heavily indebted in the world. In fact firms will try to reduce added value, through reducing costs and becoming more efficient and so rules of origin based on just added value may be counter-productive in promoting intra-regional trade.
Second, the destabilization of the economies of the southern African States by apartheid South Africa made it necessary to create, as a matter urgency, a sub-regional organization which would be an economic counterweight to South Africa.
Africa including South Africa contributes no more than 3 per cent to globally traded goods and its share of world trade has been declining steadily since In effect, the Treaty establishes a "legal community", being whereby entrepreneurs will be guaranteed that business decisions and transactions are not History of comesa frustrated by unnecessaty bureaucratic interventions.
Funding is only done for one session of the Court per year, these has contributed greatly to piling of cases. However, due to lack of funds the Court is unable to hear all its cases at certain times. An Interim Council of Ministers, assisted by an Interim Economic Committee of officials, was subsequently set up to negotiate the treaty and initiate programmes on economic co-operation, pending the completion History of comesa negotiations on the treaty.
Its area is impressive on the map of the African Continent covering a geographical area of 12 Million sq km. The challenge for COMESA is to ensure that, through its regional integration arrangement, domestic growth and competitiveness of small economies are strengthened, powers of domestically entrenched special-interest groups and rent-seekers weakened, and policy stability and credibility enhanced thus making it easier to attract investment.
Both the LPA and the FAL envisaged an evolutionary process in the economic integration of the continent in which regional economic communities would constitute building blocks upon which the creation of an African Economic Community AEC would ultimately be erected.
The challenge which faces the countries of the region is how to become more involved in the decision-making of WTO and the implications of implementing existing WTO rules and regulations on the economies of the region.
It is in this context that COMESA is promoting regional integration and, through this, regional economic growth, by emphasising measures which reduce the costs of moving factors of production, goods and services across national boundaries in the Eastern and Southern African region, with relatively low tariff barriers against third parties.
Because globalisation gives free rein to competitive market forces, those nations that do not compete for foreign investment and export earnings on the world market will lose out.
As many of the countries concerned where at this stage considered to be middle-income countries, they borrowed at commercial rates. Unless the countries of the region find ways in which they can more effectively become part of the WTO decision-making process they will not be able to address the issues of concern to most developing and LDCs.
Some Fundamental Principles Enshrined in the COMESA Treaty Equality and interdependence of member States Solidarity and collective self-reliance Recognition, promotion and protection of fundamental human rights Commitment to the principles of liberty, fundamental freedoms and the rule of law Maintenance of peace and stability through the promotion and strengthening of good neighbourliness Commitment to peaceful settlement of disputes among member States Promotion and sustenance of and accountable and just democratic system of governance Key Challenges in the Global Economy Globalisation The last decade of the s has been dubbed by some as the globalisation decade.
There is growing and widespread poverty in the COMESA region, especially among the rural communities, aggravated by the decline in expenditures on social services, including health, education and public utilities, nutrition has worsened and mortality continues to increase.
For many COMESA countries, agriculture constitutes between 50 and 76 per cent of GDP but the growth of agricultural output, at an average of 2 per cent per year over the last three decades, has barely matched that of population growth, so has not contributed effectively to sustainable growth and development.
This globalisation has, in many instances, been achieved first through a process of regional economic integration. It was under these circumstances that, inthe United Nations Economic Commission for Africa ECA convened a ministerial meeting of the then newly independent states of Eastern and Southern Africa to consider proposals for the establishment of a mechanism for the promotion of sub-regional economic integration.
It is headed by a President and consists of six additional judges appointed by the Authority. Consideration is being given to establishing the Court of Justice in the not too distant future. First, the collapse of the federations in Eastern and Central Africa reduced political co-operation amongst States of the region and this needed to be addressed.
Within 4 years after that COMESA will have introduced a common external tariff structure to deal with all third party trade and will have considerably simplified all procedures.
In addition each member state appoints liaison persons in their appropriate ministries who form part of the day-to-day communication process. The aims and objectives of COMESA have been designed so as to remove the structural and institutional weaknesses in the member States by pooling their resources together in order to sustain their development efforts either individually or collectively.
Countries which have removed exchange control restrictions, reduced tariff barriers to trade, reduced the bureaucratic obstacles to doing business including obstacles to cross-border investment and movement of factors of productionallowed interest rates to be set by the market and implemented other fiscal, financial and structural reforms are now better History of comesa to achieve economic integration with each other.
By agreeing to the above, member States have agreed on the need to create and maintain: Decisions of the Committee are by a simple majority.The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa traces its genesis to the mid s.
The idea of regional economic co-operation received considerable impetus from the buoyant and optimistic mood thatcharacterised the. While our history is rich with accomplishments, our focus always remains on the future.
Milestones Since our beginning, we have reached milestone after milestone to become pioneers of IVD testing solutions. History of Africa’s Regional Integration Efforts; COMESA - Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa. The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) was formed in December to replace the former Preferential Trade Area (PTA) from the early s in Eastern and Southern Africa.
The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) elected Chileshe Kapwepwe as its first woman secretary-general on Wednesday. COMESA is the largest regional economic organisation in.
November 10, COMESA holds the 13th Meeting of the COMESA Committee of Governors of Central Banks in Cairo, Egypt, where the decision to create the COMESA Monetary Institute (CMI) is made.
March 7, The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) Monetary Institute (CMI) is. Looking Back Evolution of PTA/COMESA The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa traces its genesis to the mid s.
The idea of regional economic co-operation received considerable impetus from the buoyant and optimistic mood that characterised the post-independence period in most of Africa. The mood then was one of pan .Download