It must be understood that the words theory and fact are not mutually exclusive, in the way often thought when discussing these issues.
It must have been difficult to defend this view against the Platonic-Aristotelian position. You suggest covering the floor in sand to witness the footprints and are told that the dragon is permanently levitating.
Q3 Evaluate the philosophical problems raised by the belief that God is eternal. The philosopher cautiously investigates every possibility and examines every side of an issue, precisely because that increases the chances of arriving eventually at a correct account of reality.
Plato appears to think that plants do have minds in this sense, because he takes them to exhibit desire and sense-perception Timaeus 77bbut that is presumably supposed to be a matter of empirical fact or inference, rather than simply a consequence of the fact that plants have souls.
Q4 To what extent is belief in Evaluate the claim that the soul afterlife necessary for resolving problems raised by the existence of evil? What I think of as me is simply a name I give to a stream of experiences — there is no underlying reality to it. This theory leaves no room for the Platonic conception that the souls of adult human beings contain non-rational parts which can, and frequently do, generate impulse and behavior independently of, and even contrary to, the designs and purposes of reason.
The answer is yes. It is then agreed that desiring and being averse are opposites, and hence that desiring to do something and being averse to doing that same thing are opposites in relation to the same object.
We found each other in the cosmos, and that was wonderful. So, just because no reasonable explanation can be given for a reportedly strange occurrence, it licences nobody to posit an unreasonable one. So Socrates launches his most elaborate and final argument for the immortality of the soul, which concludes that since life belongs to soul essentially, the soul must be deathless — that is, immortal.
Other Ancient Theories of Soul cf.
There is, after all, no clear-cut and manifest difference between, say, being in the emotional state of fear and having a terrifying thought or perception.
His Later Ethics and Politics, Oxford: University of Toronto Press. Q4 Assess the claim that the universe shows no evidence of the existence of a benevolent God. Presocratic Thinking about the Soul Barnes, J. In severing the deeply entrenched, Greek ordinary-language connection between soul and life in all its forms, the Stoic theory is taking an enormously momentous step, one that obviously restricts rather dramatically the proper subject matter of a theory of soul.
Keith Ward holds something like this view and says that a divine consciousness that wants good would have very good reasons to create a universe where minds evolve that were free and able to contemplate their position in the universe. However, it is not just that soul is said to be present in every living thing.
Here is an outline of what emerges. Asmis, and concept-formation is in turn explained in terms of sense-impression and memory. But to account for such a life, it must also account for the cognitive and intellectual functions which guide and shape such a life.
Discuss Q1 Corporate religious experiences prove the existence of God. The lowest kind accounts for the cohesion and character of inanimate bodies e.
Connections between the soul and morally significant characteristics such as courage, temperance and justice, and with cognitive and intellectual functions, notably with planning and practical thought, are firmly established in fifth century Greek usage.Evaluate the claim that the Soul is Distinct from the Body Perhaps the most important question one must address before delving into matters of body and soul is this: what makes a human a human?
All A2 Past Philosophy Questions. by admin October 5, Past Questions. Religious Language. Religious experience. Q1 Evaluate the claim that analogy can successfully be used to express the human understanding of God. Q2 Evaluate the claim that the soul is distinct from the body.
The belief that the soul is distinct from the body is a belief in dualism which is followed by such philosophers as Descartes and Plato Plato believed that the soul was simple and gave us our knowledge, it is how we are able to understand the forms such as beauty, the soul is eternal and it cannot.
Evaluate the claim that there can be no disembodied existence after death. The claim that there can be no disembodied existence after death is based on a monist or materialist conception that there is no soul distinct from body.
Q.2 exam paper June Philosophy 2. Evaluate the claim that the soul is distinct from the body. There are many different views that the soul is distinct from the body of which appose this claim but at the same time there are those who agree with it.
Evaluate the claim that conscience is the voice of God (35 Marks) Conscience can be divided into three theories, one being ‘an awareness of what is good and bad ‘believed by St.
Paul, secondly the conscience is the power to distinguish good from evil believed by St. Jerome and thirdly, the conscience is the voice of God, believed by St. Augustine.Download