Looking first at the realistic elements and their extra values avoids a second danger in reading allegory: Gregor, unable to relinquish his humanity, chooses emotional comfort, leading him to desperately cling to the picture of the woman in furs.
These unusual reactions contribute to the absurdity of the story, but they also imply that the characters to some degree expect, or at least are not surprised by, absurdity in their world. Themes The Absurdity of Life Beginning with its first sentence, The Metamorphosis deals with an absurd, or wildly irrational, event, which in itself suggests that the story operates in a random, chaotic universe.
When he first gets out of his bed after waking, for instance, he tries to stand upright, even though his body is not suited to being upright. Gregor is indeed cut off from men; he gets his "portion" of garbage from his hypocritical family, and one evening when he eavesdrops on the three lodgers eating: Thus, Gregor had proudly brought home cash as a traveling salesman for a cloth concern.
The father stands outside the third entryway requesting his child to get up. As Gregor becomes accustomed to his new body, his mind begins to change in accordance with his physical needs and desires. But your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid his face from you, that he will not hear" Is.
There has never been anything preventing Gregor from getting away from the life constrained upon him by his family. After his change, he considers just them and frenzies when he considers how they will bolster themselves.
The description of the "firm," with its atmosphere of universal guilt and punishment, also hints at original sin: His father goes to work for a bank: But realizing that his possessions, which represent to him his former life as a human, provide him emotional comfort, he suddenly faces a choice: Through these details, the story suggests that our physical lives shape and direct our mental lives, not the other way around.
Grete and the mother in particular feel a great deal of sympathy for Gregor after his change, apparently because they suspect some aspect of his humanity remains despite his appearance. Indeed, the reference to the high desk echoes the Old Testament metaphor of the God "most high" who yet can "hear" us: Even the father, who shows the least sympathy of the family members toward Gregor and even attacks him twice, never suggests that they kill him or force him out of the house.
On the contrary, by all evidence Gregor has been a good son and brother, taking a job he dislikes so that he can provide for them and planning to pay for his sister to study music at the conservatory.
We can probe it only if we momentarily put aside the unreality which creates the field and measure the extra values given the realistic elements. His job is now broken into its separate components. Why was Gregor, particularly, condemned to work for a firm where the worst was suspected at the slightest inadvertence of the employees?
Gregor and his fellow-workers are treated like the evil servant whose lord "shall come in a day when he looketh not for him, and in an hour that he is not aware of, and shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with the hypocrites: Three of the four dividers that make up his room have entryways; there is one twofold entryway that leads into the living room and two side entryways.
Read this way, the debt that Gregor assumed for his parents and must pay resembles original sin.
Only after he has expiated the sin-debt can he "take the big step" toward freedom. In other words, his mind and body remain opposed to one another. Their second maid also shows no surprise when she discovers Gregor, and when the boarders staying with the family see Gregor they are mostly upset that Gregor is unclean and disturbs the sense of order they desire in the house.
He seemed satisfied, however, and the two women, who had been anxiously watching, gave each other a smile of relief. Gregor initially approves of the idea because it will make his room more comfortable for him physically.
Significantly, it is Grete, the character to show the most sympathy toward Gregor, who decides they must get rid of him.The Metamorphosis Franz Kafka. See also Franz Kafka Short Story Criticism and "A Hunger Artist" Criticism. The Metamorphosis is one of the most frequently analyzed works in literature.
This. A Literary Analysis of the metaphors found in The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka. There are various references to entryways in “The Metamorphosis,” but the. Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more.
Get started now! Social Analysis of Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis Franz Kafka was not Jewish; Franz Kafka was not Czech, Franz Kafka only identified himself by his own. Metamorphosis is the story of Gregor Samsa-traveling salesman and bread winner for his family. One morning he wakes up in his bed to find that he has transformed during the night into a giant.
A summary of Themes in Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Metamorphosis and what it means.
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