Fayol described work specialisation as the best way to use the human resources in an organisation. According to Fayol, it is the duty of the manager to encourage the feeling of initiative among his employees for doing some work or taking some decision but within the limits of authority and discipline.
At the time there were only few external management tools, models and methods available. It also lowers the prestige of the organisation and creates a feeling of insecurity among the employees which keeps them busy in finding out new avenues of work.
Equity While dealing with the employees a manager should use kindliness and justice towards employees equally. He thus finds himself in a confused situation. Unity of direction means that there should be one head for one plan for a group of activities having the same objective.
Also, the communication either going up or down must pass through each level of authority. They are drawn up by means of observations and analyses of events that managers encounter in practice. Employee initiatives are a source of strength for the organization according to Henri Fayol.
Authority and Responsibility of the Management 3. The primary focus is on the organizational objectives and not on those of the individual. Unity of Command — Employees should have only one direct supervisor. This situation is undesirable.
The right to give orders should not be considered without reference to responsibility. The individual must not place his personal interest over the common interest, in case there a conflict.
Consequently, the sense of dedication cannot be created among them. All activities which have the same objective must be directed by one manager, and he must use one plan. The fourteen principles given by Fayol are as under: After reading you will understand the basics of this powerful management tool.
Authority — Managers must have the authority to give orders, but they must also keep in mind that with authority comes responsibility. The assembly line, which permits mass production to flourish, is a good example. As a result, the organisation shall have to face failure.
They should avoid dividing and rule policy. It is necessary to distinguish between the meaning of the unity of command and the unity of direction. If there is complete centralization, then the subordinates will have no authority power to carry out their responsibility duties.
If there are many superiors giving orders to the same employee, he will not be able to decide as to which order is to be given priority. For example, it is advantageous to have more centralisation in a small business unit and more decentralisation in a big business unit.
Fayol is of the opinion that the employees should get a fair remuneration so that the employees and the owners find equal amount of satisfaction. If this is not the case, it can lead to a heavy loss as a result of damage to the machines. Both these examples give a message of indiscipline which is an undesirable situation.
The Principles of Management are: Another labourer who happens to be a relative of the supervisor completes 8 units but both get equal remuneration. For example, suppose that the things are getting dearer and dearer and the company is getting good profits.
For example, a purchase manager of a company has to purchase tonnes of raw material. Order for things is called Material Order and order for people is called Social Order. If, however, they are not paid properly for their work, they will not do their work with perfect dedication, honesty and capacity.
On the other hand, when there are many superiors, every superior would like his orders to be given priority.Henri Fayol's "14 Principles of Management" have been a significant influence on modern management theory. His practical list of principles helped early 20th century managers learn how to organize and interact with their employees in a productive way.
This article throws light upon the top fourteen principles of management according to Henry Fayol. The Principles of Management are: 1. Division of Labour in Management 2. Henry Fayol's 14 principles in Management. 7 Pages. Henry Fayol's 14 principles in Management.
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Henri Fayol was born in Instanbul, Paris in 29th July He was a French mining engineer and also a director of mines who developed a general theory of.Download